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Swiss Agency for Development Cooperation
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This cross-cultural, cross-sectional, experimental survey focused on attitudes towards gender equality. Specifically, it investigated how religious affiliation, socioeconomic status, sex, and other factors may correlate with attitudes toward equality between the sexes.

The findings are highly relevant to public policy and the work of donor and non-governmental organizations. The goals of this survey were also in line with the strategic goals of SDC (2013-2016) of which are underpinned by the concept of mainstreaming gender equality in all SDC interventions.

This survey had no precedent in Mongolia as there has been no such research examining attitudes of gender equality that is either nationally representative or experimental. More importantly, given that the survey included a battery of demographic questions it also enables the identification of the main carriers of attitudes that are more or less conducive to gender inequality and discrimination. Thus this project will help to identify deeply ingrained social habits that may prevent gender equality in access to needed services. The survey promises to equip agencies that are engaged in promoting development and social equality with a powerful tool.

As of January 2013, the survey had been successfully carried out in Lebanon, Jordan, Uganda, Indonesia and now as of March 2013, Mongolia.


  • A desk review of relevant documents relating to the issue of gender equality in Mongolia, allowing the primary researchers to complement the comparative aspect of the survey with Mongolian contextual information.
  • IRIM finalized the randomized sampling procedure and logistical plan and developed the Mongolian translations of the experimental questionnaire, including adaptations for cultural contextualization.
  • Prior to field work IRIM prepared and delivered a manual for researchers administering the questionnaires and conducted participatory training on protocols for data entry staff and for internal quality control.
  • The project saw staff undertake extensive field work in rural areas in 3 cities, across 8 aimags and in 35 soums/khoroos of Mongolia conducting the randomized administration of the survey tools to 1500 nationally-representative participants.

Following the data collection stage, primary data collected through the survey was sorted and checked for mechanical and logical errors. IRIM then created the final datasets and submitted a final technical report on the data collection process along with other deliverables.

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